Purdue OWL Outlining Tips
Summarizing, Paraphrasing, Quoting
Summarizing, Paraphrasing, and Quoting
You can borrow from the works of other writers as you research. Good writers use three strategies—summarizing, paraphrasing and quoting—to blend source materials in with their own, while making sure their own voice is heard.
are the exact words of an author, copied directly from
the source word for word. Quotations must be cited!
Use quotations when:
means rephrasing the words of an author, putting his/her
thoughts in your own words. A paraphrase can be viewed as
a “translation” of the original source. When
you paraphrase, you rework the source’s ideas,
words, phrases, and sentence structures with your own.
Paraphrased text is often, but not always, slightly
shorter than the original work. Like quotations,
paraphrased material must be followed with in-text
documentation and cited the on the Works-Cited page.
involves putting the main idea(s) or one or several
writers into your own words, including only the main
point(s). Once again, it is necessary to attribute
summarized ideas to the original source. Summarized ideas
are not necessarily presented in the same order as in the
original source. Summaries are significantly shorter than
the original and take a broad overview of the source
Gwyneth Jones on Adding Widgets
A variety of web-based organizers.
Thoughtboxes is a simple tool that helps to organize your thoughts so you can make things happen.
Keep track of almost anything, and share your thoughts with friends.
Turn notes into flashcards.
Create and share meeting minutes.
Formal Title Page
Gale Student Tools
Tools for Getting Started
Tools for Wrapping It Up
- How to Cite a Source
- How to Organize a Report
- How to Build an Argument
- How to Write a Conclusion
- How to Write a Thesis Statement
- How to Create Visual Representations of Data (charts, graphs, etc.)
- How to Footnote
Thesis and Outline Builder
NoodleTools: Organizing Notecards
Synthesis Strategies (via Finding Dulcinea)
NoodleTools: Creating Notecards
Practicing Useful Annotation Strategies
History Essay Planner & Marker
Organizing your project
Take notes online, fast